Horse Manure

Horse manure is available for ‘pickup’ in bags from Ashburton Melbourne

Organic Fertiliser

Horse manure contributes to the fertility of soils by adding organic matter and nutrients. Organisms such as bacteria and fungi release nutrients such as nitrogen to plants.

Soluble Nutrient

Vermicompost which is achieved by harvesting the rich dark byproduct of worm castings deposited within compost is an ideal soil enhancer and fertiliser. Adding horse manure as part of your compost pile and introducing it to a worm farm provides an ideal vermicompost. This organic nutrient which is soluble becomes receptive to plants. As plants are known to communicate on a chemical level, their cell wall receptors signal the cell to ‘unlock’ and receive this organic nutrient.

Organisms and Fungi

Providing an organic nutrient rich environment leads to a higher scope of organisms which feed on fungi and bacteria. Organisms interact by predating, feeding, piggy backing, secreting etc interacting and releasing minerals conducive for plant root systems.

Worming Issues

A horse undergoing treatment may have residual chemical elements. Insuring against potential toxins in worm poo is to pre compost the manure for a couple of weeks. Worms thrive in nutrient rich compost.

Risk to humans

The following extract can be found in this link – Horse manure is a solid waste excluded from federal EPA solid waste regulation because it neither contains significant amounts of hazardous chemicals, nor exhibits hazardous characteristics. The chemical constituents of horse manure are not toxic to humans.


Worm Farming Tips and Tricks

Compost Worms

Tips and Tricks

by Tony McCarthy


If you purchased your worm farm, followed the basic instructions in and in time experienced unpleasant results then read on because all you need to do is tip out all the ‘manky’ smelly contents and start again.

Worm Farming Tips and Tricks

Constructing or buying a worm farm means that you have volunteered to be a ‘Farmer of worms’. ie. Just like any farmer you need to provide ideal conditions to a creature that was not meant to be contained in order to get the results you are looking for. Wether its to recycle food waste and or to gather the resultant vermi compost or leachate then understanding a few principles will assist you in this.

Worms survive on food, moisture and oxygen. However an essential element of ‘Bacteria’ is necessary to break food waste down (rot) and without it being in abundance in a healthy symbiosis with other chemical matter then worm population will lag and smelly odours will occur.

Worms eat Rot

A healthy microbiology of Bacteria or ‘Compost’ is the beginnings of ‘Ideal Conditions’. It is the healthy happy home for worms to live. An oxygenated compost of elements interacting together, predating on each other and pigging backing each other around produces trillions more bacteria which in turn transform organic waste into rot. 

Tip 1 House and re supply your worm farm with compost

Worms habitat naturally in compost not a coir fibre brick. Home made compost is easy to make and will provide the platform for a bio diverse community of microscopic creatures to interact and present the means of making organic waste viable for worms to eat.


Anything organic, however worms favour some foods over others such as vegetable waste and farm animal manures.

Tip 2 Process food waste in a blender. The finer the material the quicker it will rot down.


Worm take their oxygen from water and use it to assist their travel. Worms mostly passively breed by passing sperm on the moisture of their skin to an opposing worm.

Tip 3 Keeping worms feed and together means greater breeding conditions.


This is the most important element and it is the one thing missing from many worm farm designs.

Tip 4 Use a ‘Flow through’ system or manually aerate the worm farm contents regularly. This ensures bacteria will continue to break down waste and reduce ammonia off gas which slows down worm activity.

UV Light

Tip 5 UV light attacks a worms nervous system causing them to rapidly retreat. Maintain a blanket cover of hessian or cardboard on top of the food layer to once again maintain the colony together on top of the compost under the cover of light.

In Summary. Keeping your worms together in an oxygenated bedding of compost and maintaining a supply of organic waste in an moist environment under the cover of light means your worms will passively breed. If you want to increase your results then just increase the surface area of the worm farm. 


Compost Worms

Starting a worm farm

Starting a worm Farm

Worm Farm

Rodent proof Worm Farm

by Tony McCarthy

Starting a worm farm is easy and fun. Five principles are necessary to consider before you start and as long as you incorporate one principle in particular ‘oxygen’ or ‘flow through’ of air then you will get good results.

A worm farm is a means to convert food or organic waste into a nutrient rich compost and liquid ‘leachate’ fertiliser for your garden and plants. If all householders deposited food waste into a worm farm rather than a garbage bin then the aerobic environment of escaping methane from landfills sites would dramatically reduce CO2 escaping into the atmosphere.

Two Considerations

There are two very important considerations to make your worm farm a success. One is the chemical consideration i.e. the environment in which a biology of microorganisms break food waste down and two is the physical  consideration. This is where worms and other critters interact and consume the rotten waste converted it into a highly rich plant nutrient.

Five Principles

I have just mentioned two considerations and now I am going to teach you about the five necessary principles which involve food, moisture, biology ‘bacteria’, UV light and oxygen.

Food – In nature compost worms consume all rotted organic material that lies on the surface of the ground. Worms favour various vegetable waste over other organic matter however as long as it was once organic then it will be eaten. Some foods attract other creatures such as vinegar flies to fruit or rodents to meat and fish. 

MoistureWorms obtain oxygen from water and water is essential in hydration, traveling and breeding. As worms are bisexual they sometimes mate themselves and occasionally purposely mate however worms mostly breed by passing their sperm on the moisture of their skin to the opposing worm. In impending rain storms, worms sense the change in atmospheric pressure and begin to travel on a wet surface to repopulate the species and spread the colony. 

Biology – Food rot is the result of bacteria at work. Without a (compost) environment of abundant bacteria within an oxygenated environment worms will not be able to eat effectively and disappear in search of other forms of food.

UV light – UV attacks a worms nervous system forcing them to quickly retreat into the pile. Keeping the worm farm covered with cardboard or Hession bags is a good means of blocking out the light. If the worms are not feeding together on the top of the pile in darkness then they are not breeding.

Oxygen – This is the most important and critical element in that all aerobic beings need it to survive. Microbacteria won’t build in vast numbers to break waste down and worms will be affected by an acidic or ammonia rich environment.

Nature doesn’t contain or confine worms in boxes therefore the success in starting a worm farm comes from realising you are now going to become a responsible farmer. Providing a worm farm capable of sustaining Food moisture and oxygen within an environment of compost results in a five star accomodation for worms and when these things are in place expect lots of worms breeding, lots of organic waste or food waste breaking down, lots of nutrient rich vermicompost and lots of liquid leachate.

Of the various types of worm farms I recommend a ‘Flow Through’ style. This comprises an open or grid base, one in which oxygen can passively pass or flow through the composted environment. A flow through enables the resultant vermicompost comprising worm castings and water soluble nutrient rich leachate to be accessed below and avoids handling or disrupting the activity and ‘many’ elements occurring above. These systems work on a self sustaining cycle and eliminates ‘opening up’ the pile and disrupting the rotting waste by displacing layers of pre composted material. 

Using a bottomless bin can produce good results if you implement the above principles however oxygenating the compost can be achieved by pitch forking or applying a compost lifter to manually aerate the pile. You will probably notice a stench of ammonia in which case you will need to add carbon materials to balance the Ph.


A ‘Flow Through’ or on ground worm farm will increase your chance of more successful results whereas an enclosed or contained tiered tray system which can bake in summer heat lacks passive air flow which needs to achieved by regular removal of worms and upper layers of rotting waste before you turn or aerate the contents within.

Date Published 06.26.2018

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Compost Worms Australia express deliver compost worms overnight. Pick up and pick up prices also available.


by Tony McCarthy


Compost Worms

Compost Worms


Compost Worms

$20/1000 pick up. Express deliveries available overnight.

An over over count of worms will arrive housed within a thriving healthy biology of compost and shredded cardboard to kick start a massive healthy bacterial population.


Start A Worm Farm

If you choose to start a worm farm within a monoculture of coir, peat, paper cardboard etc then you are essentially housing worms in an unnatural environment. Your results will slow and only improve if you achieve an oxygenated Nitrogen Carbon balance within your worm farm.

Worm Composting

Worm Composting is efficiently achieved with our Australian patented deigned flow through worm farms. Standing one metre high our various sized Worm Farms utilise oxygen flow through which is vital to the production and health of the biological environment housing worms. An adaptive lightweight Hopper unique to our worm farms produce greater breakdown of waste materials resulting in higher Worm Casting output.

Compost Bins

Compost Bins or Compost Tumblers make viable compost for gardens however the end result of worm composting produces the richest natural organic fertiliser known which has additional properties in soil amendments.

The Pros and Cons of Compost Bins or Composting methods or how To Start a Worm Farm are easily answered by three things: Does it have Food – Moisture and Oxygen?

Food – Is the compost Nitrogen/Carbon balanced?

Is the moisture content adequate for breeding and oxygen intake?

Is the mix oxygenated to support bacterial growth?

The Pro is all three elements in addition to a healthy viable compost.

The one element lagging in most systems is enough oxygen. Essentially all life forms must have it to survive.


Composting is the chemical phase in which organic matter houses micro bacteria living to eat and breed and in doing so (given ideal conditions) thrive in infanant numbers producing heat which aids in the breakdown of the materials.

Compost is great however the results of composting with worms to produce Vermicompost is even better. Added nutrients in vermicompost or worm castings adds a higher nutrient rich product.

Worm Castings

What are worm Castings? Worm castings or worm poo are not in themselves nutrient rich, the poo passing through the anal bacterial lined anal tract essentially coats the poo with a multitude of elements such as magnesium, manganese, iron, potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus to name a few. Just a tea spoon of this powerful natural fertiliser is enough to feed a potted plant for two months. Worm poo used a as ‘leachate’ or diluted in water provides known enhanced health and vigour to plants as well as natural pest control.

Composting with worms is a great way to reduce green house gases. An average household composting food waste annually is the equivalent to removing the exhaust fumes of one car per year.

The resultant vermicompost used in the garden or as a fertiliser for plants signals to plant root system for ready and available nutrient uptake. Symbiotic relationships begin at a mycorrhizal level and inter relationships between fungi and healthy bacterial elements occur.

Liquid leachate dispersed on plant leaves invites rapid responses as leaves uptake nutrients rapidly. Applying leachate to a yellowing lemon tree for a few days often improves the trees health to a green colour.

There are many benefits to compost worms. Good results come from good practices. A farmer wouldn’t neglect their stock. Having your own worm farm or composting with worms essentially makes you a farmer of worms








Compost Worms in Melbourne Region

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Compost Tea

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How to Stop Worms Dying

Compost Worms

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Compost Worms

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Compost Worms Compost worms are a mixture of similar size worms know as Reds, Blues and Tigers. As the name suggests they are identifiable by their colour and stripes as in the tiger worms. These particular species of worm are veracious consumers of dead organic material including most fruits, vegetables, animal manures and healthy compost.

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